Hey friends! This year I decided to plant a flower garden with plenty of roses. Creating a rose garden is extremely rewarding in a home landscape.
Unfortunately, I’ve heard many people claim that gorgeous roses can be somewhat difficult to grow and maintain. So far, I’ve seen both the reward and the pain in rose-gardening. But the moment you start a rose garden, you may just find it very much worth the effort.
Simplifying the Gardening Method
To make your rose-gardening easier, you have to keep in mind that this isn’t different from other plant-gardening types. There is one important thing that needs to be remembered when thinking about planting anything: you need a high quality, good soil.
Roses should be planted in areas that have excellent drainage and where plenty of sunshine is available. They need plenty of space for the roots to expand and should not be overcrowded. Before taking the time to plant, it is important to cut off any decayed shoots, thin shoots or dead leaves.
If you will be planting bare-root roses, it’s important to have them soaked for a period of ten to twelve hours. Soaking them this long will help in the restoration of moisture in the plant’s roots.
Before planting them, don’t forget to water the soil as well. The hole that you will have to dig should be approximately 21 inches or three times the size of a 7 inch pot (per bush). This allows excellent growth too. Mulch or compost around the base of the plant will enhance the growth and beauty of your rose plants.
What Roses Need?
Roses are known to be heavy feeders. This simply means that they require more nutrients from the soil or from fertilizers. Roses will do very well with most organic compost including bone meal, alfalfa, and kelp. I, personally, found great gardening success with the fish emulsion that I used in last year’s gardening.
Fertilizer application should begin during the early spring and discontinued during the early fall.
While roses benefit from heavy feeding, it’s important to be careful not to over feed them. Don’f forget to read those labels of the fertilizer so that you would know the right ways to fertilize your roses.
One more thing.
You’ll want to plan on giving your roses plenty of water, at least two times a week.
Pruning Your Roses
As for any type of flower gardening or propagation, pruning is a very essential factor that spells out the overall wellness and beauty of the plant, especially when it starts to bear and bloom flowers. Rose plants will increase their blooms when they’re pruned.
It also helps in encouraging the plant’s health and overall growth. There are different kinds of pruning methods which are commonly used for different rose varieties.
Different Pests and Diseases
This is the one area that can become discouraging in rose gardening, diseases and pests that attack your roses.
Here are a few solutions to some common problems that can help you combat those pests and diseases that are common among roses.
- Black Spots. This kind of disease looks black spots that are rounded. The edges of the leaves look fringed too, causing them to turn yellow. Eliminate these leaves and any fallen ones should be picked up and keep them away from the rose plant. Artificial sprays can treat and prevent such kind of disease.
- Rust. This kind of rose disease looks red-orange blisters that usually turn black during fall. Pick up, collect and throw away all infected leaves to prevent the spread of the disease. You can use Funginex or Benomyl spray every seven to ten days.
- Malformed Canes. Canes, especially the young ones are easily affected by this kind of disease. It’s a type of fungal infection and it tends to cover the buds, leaves, stems, etc. It causes curling of the leaves and turning them to purple. When your roses suffer from this kind of disease, spray them with Funginex or Benomyl.
- Stunted Flowers and Leaves. This disease is very common in rose-gardening. They are often caused by the infestation of spider mites. These spiders often come in yellow, green and red. They are frequently found under the leaves, sucking the juices in the process. To treat this disease, you can use Isotox or Orthene.
- Mottled and Weak Leaves. When aphids attack your roses, the leaves can become mottled and weak. In most cases, mottled and weak rose leaves have small white webs underneath. These webs are caused by red, brown or green insects that cluster under the flower buds or leaves. These insects suck the plant’s juices and its tender buds. To fight off these insects, you can spray your roses with Diazinoin or Malathion.
- Deformed or unopened Flowers. A kind of bug called ‘thrip’ is the known cause of this problem. The bug often looks slender and brown-yellow in color. Its wings are fringed and it attacks the rose plant by way of sucking its juices from its flower buds. If your rose plant has infected flowers, they need to be cut off and discarded the soonest possible time. Malathion or Orthene can also help in the eradication of this kind of disease.
With a little TLC, you’ll find that rose gardening will bring you great rewards. Do you have any rose gardening tips that you’d like to share? Drop them in the comments.